Credits & Bibliography


Written by Stephen Thompson, NSW Migration Heritage Centre

Website design by Annette Loudon, NSW Migration Heritage Centre, closely based on original booklet design by Stephen Thompson

Background image:

The Migration Heritage Centre at the Powerhouse Museum is a NSW Government initiative supported by the Community Relations Commission.



Coupe, S. & Andrews, M. Their Ghosts May Be Heard, Longman Cheshire, Melbourne, Australia, 1992.

Fischer, G. Helmi, N. & Thompson, S. (ed) Internment at Trial Bay during World War One, MHC, Sydney, Australia, 2005.

Fischer, G. Helmi, N. Hise, B. Thompson, S. Viner, M. The Enemy at Home: German Internees in World War One Australia, University of New South Wales Press, 2011.

Helen Irving, (ed)., The Centenary Companion to Australian Federation, University of Cambridge Press, Cambridge, 1999.

Simons. J, Prisoners in Arcady: German Mariners in Berrima 1915- 1919, Berrima, 1999.

Thompson, S. Zivil Lager (Internment Camp): World War One Prisoners of War at Trial Bay Gaol, MHC, Sydney, Australia, 2006.

Thompson, S. Prisoners in Arcady: German Mariners in Berrima 1915 – 1919, MHC, Sydney, Australia, 2009

Thompson, S. World War One Prisoners of War at Liverpool 1914- 1920, MHC, Sydney, Australia, 2009