1910 The Bulletin Magazine

Between 1880 and 1918 The Bulletin cruelly lampooned colonial governors, business leaders, the bourgeoisie, the church, feminists and prohibitionists. It supported the labour movement, Australian independence, liberal democracy and White Australia. Continue reading


The Molong and District Historical Society would like to extend its gratitude to the many people and organisations who have contributed to this exhibition. Molong Historical Society Members Marie Hammond John Austin Des Sullivan Maureen Kirkwood The Molong Historical Society … Continue reading

Life at Fairbridge

The daily duties at Fairbridge Farm School included collecting eggs from the poultry shed. Image courtesy Bigrigg Collection, Molong and District Historical Society Construction of Fairbridge Farm School at Molong began in 1937.  The original plan was for 20 cottages, … Continue reading

Fairbridge and the Molong Community

Door from Fairbridge School Bus The Fairbridge Farm School was located 6.4kms from the town centre of Molong. Recent oral histories indicate that although it was run autonomously, the Fairbridge Farm School was connected to the town and community of … Continue reading

National Apologies

Many of the former child migrants at Fairbridge Farm, Molong, now aged in their 60s and 70s, are talking for the first time about their experiences. A number of them speak of loneliness, poor food and limited education, while others talk … Continue reading

The Fairbridge Scheme

Kingsley Fairbridge. Image courtesy National Library of Australia In 1909, South African born Kingsley Fairbridge founded the Society for the Furtherance of Child Emigration to the Colonies. Its focus was to educate orphaned and neglected children and train them in … Continue reading

Child Migration to Australia

The first party of children for the Fairbridge Farm School pose for the camera on the SS Orama, 1938. Image courtesy Woods Collection, Molong and District Histroical Society The shape of Britain’s economic state and social services in the 19th … Continue reading


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Holsworthy Internment Camp Prisoners of War At Liverpool

The largest internment camp in Australia during World War One was at Holsworthy, near Liverpool on the outskirts of Sydney. The camp held between 4,000 and 5,000 people of German descent.

A NSW Migration Heritage Centre exhibition.
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Credits & Bibliography

Credits Written by Stephen Thompson, NSW Migration Heritage Centre Website design by Annette Loudon, NSW Migration Heritage Centre, closely based on original booklet design by Stephen Thompson Background image: The Migration Heritage Centre at the Powerhouse Museum is a NSW … Continue reading

Places to visit

  Liverpool Regional Museum Hume Highway Liverpool NSW 2170 Phone 02 9602 0315 www.liverpool.nsw.gov.au/liverpoolregionalmuseum.htm   Army Engineer Museum RAE Steele Barracks Moorebank Avenue, Moorebank. Holsworthy NSW 2173 Phone 02  8782 4385 www.liverpool.nsw.gov.au/armyengineermuseum.htm   Casula Powerhouse Arts Centre 1 Casula Road … Continue reading

The Camp Closes

Holsworthy camp remained open until the last internees and prisoners of war were Holsworthy camp remained open until the last internees were deported to Germany in 1920. The total number of people deported was 6,150. Of these, 5,414 people had … Continue reading

The Black Hand

In 1915 a criminal gang began operating in the camp. It was reported that this gang was called the Black Hand Society. The Black Hand Society was formed in 1911 in Serbia. The Black Hand Society wanted an independent Serbian … Continue reading

The Camp Newspaper

Kamp Spiegel was published from 1916 to 1917. Ludwig Schröder published the weekly newspaper Kampspiegel Wochenschrift which ran from April 1917. In April 1918 it was renamed Kampspiegel Monatshefte and ran monthly until late 1918. All three newspapers were financed … Continue reading

Arts and Crafts

Craft making and theatre and other cultural activities where pursued at Holsworthy as they were at Trial Bay and Berrima, but the overarching atmosphere of the place was confinement, deprivation of liberty and constant surveillance. Unlike the internees at Trial … Continue reading

Life at Holsworthy

Of all the camps Holsworthy was the harshest and resembled a prison in the true sense of the word. A strict regime of control was enforced by the camp authorities. Raids often turned up stills and grog making faculties. Internees … Continue reading

The Camp Committee

Like Trial Bay and Berrima the Australian Army managed the operation and functions of the Holsworthy Camp. The internal policing, educational, cultural and social activities were left largely to the Camp Committee made up from the internee population. Like Trial … Continue reading

Did You Know…?

Did You Know? illustrates the important role migrants have played in the economic and social development of Australia.

A Community Relations Commission for a Multicultural NSW and NSW Migration Heritage Centre exhibition. Continue reading

Anita Belongings

Meet Anita van Altena and see the silver cork stopper she brought from Holland in 1964 to start up her own business in Australia. Continue reading


04 – BLOOMFIELD HALL Canoblas Dr, Bloomfield Bloomfield Hall became renowned in the 1950s and 60s as a place of first-rate entertainment, largely through the exceptional talents and hard work of a number of migrants who worked at Bloomfield Hospital. … Continue reading


07 – UKRAINIAN HALL Dalton St & Clinton St, Orange Orange’s Ukrainian community constructed this hall so that they could hold dances and other social functions. Recorded or live music added to the occasion and the events were so popular … Continue reading


05 – TYNAN STREET Tynan St, Orange During the 1950s Tynan Street became almost exclusively home to migrants of various ethnic backgrounds. Attracted by cheap land, they usually built a ‘temporary dwelling’ first, then as funds became available, helped one … Continue reading


06 – STRAND THEATRE Summer St & Peisley St, Orange The Strand Theatre was one of a number of venues in Orange where migrants attended naturalisation ceremonies. Perfunctory ceremonies had originally been held in court houses, but when Orange City … Continue reading

Obects Through Time Credits

Curator and project management Stephen Thompson Web design Annette Loudon, closely based on Objects Through Time book cover design by Danny Jacobsen Policy and guidelines drawn from the Heritage Collections Council’s Significance manual Thanks to Museum of the Riverina, British … Continue reading